India Overtakes China in GDP Growth But Data Suggest No Reprieve for Job Seekers
AP Photo/ Mahesh Kumar ABusiness16:54 01.03.2018Get short URL
The growth rate of the Indian economy crossed the 7% mark during Oct-Dec 2017, regaining its position as the fastest growing major economy, outpacing China. However, slow progress in labor-intensive sectors continues to haunt the Narendra Modi-led government with elections due in less than a year.
New Delhi (Sputnik) — The Indian economy reported a growth rate of 7.2% during the third quarter of the current financial year ending March 2018. This came as a major relief to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who had come under heavy criticism after growth plummeted to below six percent following his decision to demonetize most of the country’s banknotes in November 2016.
“GDP at constant (2011-12) prices in Q3 of 2017-18 is showing a growth rate of 7.2 percent. GDP growth rates for Q1 and Q2 of 2017-18 at constant prices are 5.7 percent and 6.5 percent respectively,” Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation said in a statement.
The average growth in the gross domestic product (GDP) during 2017-18 is estimated at 6.6 percent, as compared to the growth rate of 7.1 percent in 2016-17. The rebound in GDP figures may provide some relief to the Narendra Modi government, which is facing severe criticism over a growing bad debt situation in the banking sector. Government data estimated that over seven percent growth is likely to be achieved in 2017-18 for services like electricity, gas, water supply and financial, real estate and professional services.
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However, growth in agriculture, forestry, and fishing, which employ over half of the country’s labor force, would be able to achieve only a 3% growth rate. Another labor-intensive sector like mining and manufacturing is estimated to grow at a rate of 3% and 5.1% respectively. The construction sector which crumbled upon the demonetization move taken by the Prime Minister in November 2016 is expected to grow at a rate of 4.3 %.
The slow growth rate in the labor-intensive sectors has provided an arsenal to the opposition during the election year, as the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party came to the power in 2014 on the promise of generating at least 20 million jobs every year.